The Ultimate Killing Machine: The Cheetah

Cheetah

 

I’m sorry for the little bit of evolution mentioned in these videos.

 

 

 

Cheetahs are amazing creatures, with mind blowing abilities. It’s hard to see how anyone could think that they evolved this way. Clearly they were made this way by a very wise and brilliant creator.

God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.  Genesis 1:25

 

 

Advertisements

The Fastest Bird of Prey Alive Today: The Peregrine Falcon

So, do you think the Peregrine is fast? I sure do.

Peregrines are beautiful birds and skillful hunters even excluding the speed dives.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Let’s talk some more  about these wonderful birds.

The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey in the family Falconidae. A large, crow-sized falcon, it has a blue-grey back, barred white underparts, and a black head. As is typical of bird-eating raptors, peregrine falcons are sexually dimorphic, with females being considerably larger than males. The peregrine is renowned for its speed, reaching over 320 km/h (200 mph) during its characteristic hunting stoop (high speed dive), making it the fastest member of the animal kingdom. According to a National Geographic TV programme, the highest measured speed of a peregrine falcon is 389 km/h (242 mph).

The peregrine’s breeding range includes land regions from the Arctic tundra to the tropics. It can be found nearly everywhere on Earth, except extreme polar regions, very high mountains, and most tropical rainforests; the only major ice-free landmass from which it is entirely absent is New Zealand. This makes it the world’s most widespread raptor, and one of the most widely found bird species. In fact, the only land-based bird species found over a larger geographic area is not always naturally occurring, but one widely introduced by humans, the rock pigeon, which in turn now supports many peregrine populations as a prey species. The peregrine is a highly successful example of urban wildlife in much of its range, taking advantage of tall buildings as nest sites and an abundance of prey such as pigeons and ducks. Both the English and scientific names of this species mean “wandering falcon,” referring to the migratory habits of many northern populations. Experts recognize 17 to 19 subspecies, which vary in appearance and range; disagreement exists over whether the distinctive Barbary falcon is represented by two subspecies of Falco peregrinus, or is a separate species, F. pelegrinoides. The two species’ divergence is relatively recent, during the time of the last ice age, therefore the genetic differential between them (and also the difference in their appearance) is relatively small. They are only about 0.6–0.8% genetically differentiated.

While its diet consists almost exclusively of medium-sized birds, the peregrine will occasionally hunt small mammals, small reptiles, or even insects. Reaching sexual maturity at one year, it mates for life and nests in a scrape, normally on cliff edges or, in recent times, on tall human-made structures. The peregrine falcon became an endangered species in many areas because of the widespread use of certain pesticides, especially DDT. Since the ban on DDT from the early 1970s, populations have recovered, supported by large-scale protection of nesting places and releases to the wild.

The peregrine falcon is a well respected falconry bird due to its strong hunting ability, high trainability, versatility, and in recent years availability via captive breeding. It is effective on most game bird species from small to large.

That’s all for now!

Kings of Camoflaguge: Sea creatures of the day

Have you ever wondered what the difference is between a octopus and a cuttlefish?

Let’s listen in to find out!

Cuttlefish:

Cuttlefish or cuttles are marine animals of the order Sepiida. They belong to the class Cephalopoda, which also includes squid, octopuses, and nautiluses. Cuttlefish have a unique internal shell, the cuttlebone. Despite their name, cuttlefish are not fish but molluscs.

Cuttlefish have large, W-shaped pupils, eight arms, and two tentacles furnished with denticulated suckers, with which they secure their prey. They generally range in size from 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 in), with the largest species, Sepia apama, reaching 50 cm (20 in) in mantle length and over 10.5 kg (23 lb) in mass.

Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish, octopus, worms, and other cuttlefish. Their predators include dolphins, sharks, fish, seals, seabirds, and other cuttlefish. The average life expectancy of a cuttlefish is about one to two years. Recent studies indicate cuttlefish are among the most intelligent invertebrates. Cuttlefish also have one of the largest brain-to-body size ratios of all invertebrates.

What are Cephalopods?

A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda such as a squid, octopus or nautilus. These exclusively marine animals are characterized by bilateral body symmetry, a prominent head, and a set of arms or tentacles (muscular hydrostats) modified from the primitive molluscan foot.

They generallly live in the depth of the ocean, from the abyssal plain to the sea surface. Their diversity is greatest near the equator and decreases towards the poles.

Cephalopods are widely regarded as the most intelligent of the invertebrates, and have well developed senses and large brains.Cephalopods have advanced vision, can detect gravity with statocysts, and have a variety of chemical sense organs. Octopuses use their arms to explore their environment and can use them for depth perception. Most cephalopods rely on vision to detect predators and prey, and to communicate with one another. Consequently, cephalopod vision is acute: training experiments have shown that the common octopus can distinguish the brightness, size, shape, and horizontal or vertical orientation of objects. Some squids have been shown to detect sound using their statocysts.

Octopuses:

Octopuses are cephalopod mollusks with eight sucker-bearing arms, a soft saclike body, strong beaklike jaws, and no internal shell. They can squeeze through anything and eat almost anything. They can change the texure of thier skin, and this doesn’t even take into account thier color. Look at these examples:

This is the same footage without any commentary:

It’s amazing how well these cephalopods can change both texture and color very fast. I still haven’t figured out though whether Cuttlefish or Octopuses win the crown or the Kings of camouflage. Let’s compare the best camouflage of cuttlefish to the best camouflage of octopuses.

cuttlefish
CUTTLEFISH
octopus 2
Octopus

Which do you think is the king?

I’d love to hear your opinions!

The King of the Jungle, Wait what?

Lions are sometimes called the Kings of the jungle, but the most common ones live in the Savannah. How does that work? Well will it surprise you to know that there are over 9 sub-species of Lion? Wow, right? So, let’s look at these rulers of the animal Kingdom in detail.

The most common lion is the Kalahari Lion which is generally found all over the African Savannah. Lions in the Kalahari, Zimbabwe and Kruger National Park in South Africa had average weights of about 189.6 kg (418 lb) in males and 126.9 kg (280 lb) in females. Here is what one of these lions looks like:

Kalahari lion
Kalahari Lion

Then the true Kings of the Jungle, The Congo Lions.

Lions prefer to hunt large ungulates including zebras, warthogs, blue wildebeest, impalas, gemsbok, Thomson’s gazelles, kobs, giraffes and buffaloes. They predominately hunt prey in the range of 40.0 to 270.0 kg (88.2 to 595.2 pounds). In Africa, lions are killed pre-emptively or in retaliation for preying on livestock. Populations are also threatened by depletion of prey base, loss and conversion of habitat. Since 1996, African lion populations have been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. To address these threats to wild lion populations, lion-human conflict needs to be reduced, and lion habitat and prey base increased. These cats are much prettier than the Kalaharis and also better hunters too…..

congo lion
Congo Lions

Then I have one more to talk to you about. Does the name Scar ring any bells? Well Scar actually exists, but there are many of him. Their names are Barbary lions.

The Barbary lion population inhabited the Atlas Mountains and was therefore also known as the Atlas lion. These lions sadly went extinct a few hundred years ago, so we do not know much about them. But we do know that these lions were the fiercest lions ever to have existed.

Barbary_lion-6

Well, see you next time!!

Sarah E.

Ferocious or Just Plain Cute?

Yeah I get that the adults are mean and not exactly cute and cuddly, but look at these cubs!

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

I just can’t resist the fact that is hiding in plain sight. Tigers have just as much cuddly cat in them as ferocious tiger.

If they weren’t nice then that family would be dead by now. If they weren’t so big you could keep them as a pet, though you would have to be careful of the furniture.

The same is true for other wild animals that people keep as pets. Bears for example, are feared and respected, but some people will keep them as pets. Even in the city! Look at this inseperable bond. Bears have emotions, but you can’t have one unless you hae a very large back yard and enormous car.

Can you believe that that is not a stuffed teddy bear that you sleep with?

Some more pet bears:

Can you understand that????????

Dangerous pet animals, it has happened is happening, and can happen.

Sorry gonna get off track for a second……..

I’m sorry I saw that video and I had to stop be fore I started balling my eyes out.

Some animals can be so loyal, and so loving that even if they are officialy considered dangerous or as a pet there are still your pet and you love them so much more for it.

See you next time!!

Reindeer: The Many Many Rudolphs

“You know Dasher and Dancer and Prancer and Vixen,
you know Comet and Cupid and Donner and Blitzen,
But do you recall
The most famous reindeer of all

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer
Had a very shiny nose
And if you ever saw it
You would even say it glows
All of the other reindeer
Used to laugh and call him names
They never let poor Rudolph
Join in any reindeer games”

Of course we all know that song, one of the most popular Christmas carols for children, but the thing is that there is so much more to learn about reindeer, so let’s fly to the sky  to spend some time with the facts.

Reindeer (also known as caribou) are in the class of mammals. They generally live from 15 to 18 years and they do sometimes have red noses. Reindeer are most commonly found in the Arctic Tundra and the North Pole regions which include parts of North America, Europe, and Asia.

Though not all reindeer migrate, or travel,  when they do migrate they travel farther than any other land mammal. Some reindeer travel 9 to 40 miles daily in the same area, while still others migrate 750 miles twice a year in large herds up to 2,000 strong. Adult reindeer can swim 4 to 6 miles per hour and can run up to 50 miles per hour, which obviously helps during their migration.

“A variety of predators prey heavily on reindeer. Golden eagles prey on calves and are the most prolific hunter on calving grounds. Wolverines will take newborn calves or birthing cows, as well as (less commonly) infirm adults. Brown bears and polar bears prey on reindeer of all ages, but like the wolverines they are most likely to attack weaker animals, such as calves and sick deer, since healthy adult reindeer can usually outpace a bear. The gray wolf is the most effective natural predator of adult reindeer and sometimes takes large numbers, especially during the winter. Some wolf packs as well as individual grizzly bears in Canada may follow and live off of a particular reindeer herd year round.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reindeer

These are some cool facts about these many cute Rudolphs.

 

See you next time!

Velociraptor

The veloceraptor!!!!!

Very fierce dinosaurs.

Velociraptor is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur. Two species are currently recognized, although others have been assigned in the past.

Scientific name: Velociraptor
Higher classification: Velociraptorinae
Rank: Genus
Extinction status: Extinct Encyclopedia of Life
Phylum: Chordata
Did you know: Velociraptor was about 5 to 6 feet long (1.5-2 m), and 3 feet tall (1 m). enchantedlearning.com

The movie “Jurassic World” stars Velociraptors in the movie. We really don’t know much about these Dino’s. The appearance and the date of life varies in different opinions.

See you later!

#FoxWednesday!!

Hey, people!! It’s time for #FoxWednesday!! Here’s the picture of the week:

 

 

Weekly Fox Fact:

“YOU CAN BUY A PET FOX! – In the 1960s, a Soviet geneticist named Dmitry Belyaev bred thousands of foxes before achieving a domesticated fox. Unlike a tame fox, which has learned to tolerate humans, a domesticated fox is docile toward people from birth. Today, you can buy a pet fox for $9000, according to Fast Company. They’re reportedly curious and sweet-tempered, although inclined to dig in your furniture.” (http://mentalfloss.com/article/59739/14-fascinating-facts-about-foxes; #8)

Thanks for reading my weekly #FoxWednesday!! Come back next week for more!